Chess Puzzle by Samuel Loyd

Chess Puzzle 78

A best endgame puzzle in chess. Famous and beautiful.
Improve your chess | Chess Puzzle 78 To Online Chess Puzzles 61-90

Picture of chess puzzle 78
White to move and win       [The Answer at the bottom]
* The Puzzle Hints
This chess puzzle is not easy but beautiful and very useful… Useful for learning the typical maneuver in the rook endgame… Useful for learning a way (which is unvisible) to begin. Hint 1: To begin, move the bottom rook to the right to check… Hint 2: Then move the same rook to the left to check more… Hint 3: Then move the same rook to the left to check again and take a Black rook… Hint 4: See why the Black King being checked has to go only left… Why the Black King must not go back…

* The Puzzle Data
1. Author: Samuel Loyd, the United States of America.
2. Year:    1859.

* About Samuel Loyd
Samuel Loyd is considered the greatest American author of brain-teaser puzzles. He was born in Philadelphia on January 30, 1841 and raised in New York. He was fond of chess and chess composition. As a chess composer, he authored a number of beautiful chess problems. In his time, Samuel Loyd was one of the best chess players in the United States of America. He was also a puzzle author and recreational mathematician. Samuel Loyd passed away on April 10, 1911. Following his death, his book Cyclopedia of 5000 Puzzles was published by his son in 1914.

* The Puzzle Recommendation
You are recommended to write down the Puzzle initial position and set up the Puzzle on the real chess board. If you are a chess beginner, please read the Puzzle Hints before solving. If you are a chess master, you must solve the puzzle without reading the Puzzle Hints. After solving, you can revisit this page to see the puzzle solution (answer) below.

* How to Find More Chess Puzzles
To find more puzzles, please visit The Online Puzzles Main Page of Then find and click a corresponding link.

# Note: See the Puzzle Answer below #

Picture of chess puzzle 78

* The Puzzle Answer
1.Rh1+    Kg7
2.Rg1+    Kf7
[The Black King has to go left – no way back]
[If for example 2… Kh7, then 3.Rh2# 1-0]
3.Rf1+     Ke8
[3… Ke7 4.Rb7+ Kd8 5.Kd6 Kc8 6.Rfb1 Rd8+ 7.Kxc6 1-0]
[3… Ke7 4.Rb7+ Ke8 5.Rxf8 Rxf8 6.Kxe6 1-0]
[3… Ke7 4.Rb7+ Ke8 5.Rxf8 Kxf8 6.Kf6 1-0]
4.Rxf8     Rxf8
[4… Kxf8 5.Kf6 1-0]
5.Kxe6    1-0

* The Navigation to Other Parts of the Site
See other Online Chess Puzzles:
Chess Puzzles 1-30    Chess Puzzles 31-60
Chess Puzzles 61-90

Picture of chess puzzle 78

See chess blogs of
The Power of Zugzwang
French Defense, Advance Variation


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